The statistics show that the incidence of colorectal neoplasm is very high in Romania. Therefore you must present yourself to the doctor at the first symptoms.
What is colorectal neoplasm?
It is the growth of malignant tumor formation in the intestine, the colon format (divided into right colon, transverse and sigmoid left) and rectum.
What are the symptoms?
- weight loss
- Rectal (bleeding during seat)
- Constipation (predominantly in the left colon and rectum cancer because they have small openings)
- Constipation alternating with diarrhea
- Abdominal pain accompanied by abdominal distension (bloating)
- Anemia (incidental finding on routine analysis - especially in persons over 50 years)
- Nausea, vomiting in case of intestinal obstruction (advanced stages).
How to diagnose colon cancer and rectal cancer?
Rectal cancer can be diagnosed by a simple rectal examination (usually medium and inferior rectal cancer).
Colonoscopy and rectoscopy are standard diagnostic investigations specifically for superior rectal cancer and colon cancer. In advanced stages, tumors can be distinguished from a simple palpation of the abdomen.
Exams abdominopelvic CT (computer tomography with contrast material) for colon and pelvic RM (MRI) for further investigation rectum are we highlight tumor extension near the tumor and distant (metastases).
Who is screening for colorectal cancer recommended for?
Screening (control routine) is recommended for all persons over 50 years, which shows the above symptoms in people with a family history of colon cancer, rectal cancer or other diseases that may predispose to colorectal cancer.
How to treat colorectal cancer?
Treatment of colorectal cancer is complex and requires surgery (conventional or laparoscopic surgery for removal in oncologic safety limits colorectal tumor formations) and oncology treatment (radiotherapy and chemotherapy).
Florin Turcu MD
MD General Surgery
Bariatric surgery, laparoscopic surgery and noninvasive or minimum invasive surgery